Colocation or Dedicated?

Started by kradha707, Jul 13, 2022, 12:00 PM

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kradha707Topic starter

Hello. I am asking for advice from the experienced people.
A project is planned - an informational business site with a guaranteed starting attendance of at least 1000 people per day.
Literally in a month, it can grow to 10,000 people per day, and I think it will grow even more. Audience - France, Germany.

The option of –°olocation was considered in this situation.
Server - (purchase i.e. one-time $100).
HP Proliant DL360 Xeon 3.4Ghz/RAM:4000Mb/HDD:2x36400 Mb SCSI
Hosting - approximately $15 monthly fee.
It turns out that in the first month the total costs are $1000 + for small things, the remaining months -$15.

Question - is colocation justified at all? If yes, are the tariffs justified?
If not, what server configuration and hosting plan would be suitable for the Dedicated option?


I recommend starting with dedicated server.
You will be able to assess the actual need for server resources for the first months of the project running.
And then buy your own server based on the experience gained.


An alternative and cheaper option than colocation is proximity hosting - accommodation in the data center of a communication company, directly connected to the data center of the exchange via a high-speed communication line.


Hosting can be of several types, depending on what is given to the user at his disposal. Collocation, which translates as "co-placement", is also among its varieties.

Collocation, or physical web hosting, involves installing your web server on the technical node of an Internet provider - a datacenter. A datacenter means a separate technically equipped room with guaranteed data storage conditions (uninterrupted power supply, temperature control, security, fire safety systems, and so on). In fact, in this case we are talking about a specialized communication node, where the server works.

You install your server yourself, and you are given complete freedom of choice of software and hardware. Your web site will only be the way you want it to be. Naturally, the amount of free space is limited only by the technical characteristics of your server.
This type of web hosting is very convenient for resources with high traffic, since the data exchange rate increases significantly when installing web server in the datacenter. In addition, collocation can be used if initially your resource was small in size, but over time it has grown into a full-fledged portal that requires more space and other technical support.

Special equipment is also used for collocation. Industrial buildings are used, in which specialized equipment is placed. Collocation enclosures have a uniform width (19 inches) and a height multiple of one unit (U - approximately 45 millimeters) This is done for the convenience of installing equipment in a specialized cabinet or rack in the datacenter.
Traditional server sizes are usually 1 unit (1U) or 2 units (2U), rarely 4 or more units. The size of the equipment depends on the size of the rent, so customers try to fit the maximum in a limited amount, hence the most common server sizes are just 1U and 2U. Collocation web servers differ from the usual ones not only in the size of the case. They use other components, for instance, a motherboard. The servers are equipped with a large number of hard drives. The main parameters taken into account when choosing a server: reliability, capacity, performance, ease of operation, ergonomics.

We have left the main advantage of collocation for last, having more or less clarified the features of the technical part. The fact is that with this type of hosting, unlike the traditional one, the development of your site will be limited solely by your imagination and capabilities, since any technical aspects (be it additional disk space or something else) can be added as needed and the development of your resource.
There are two main reasons for switching from virtual web hosting to collocation: why, and most importantly, when should you think about switching from virtual hosting to collocation? What are its advantages over hosting, which we are all used to?

With the development of new opportunities and the emergence of new Internet technologies, it is not easy for any ambitious and dynamically developing resource to be limited by the capabilities provided by the provider's equipment, and it is not very comfortable to share a "communal apartment" - a web hosting machine with many other sites and web sites. Such a separation inevitably leads to a deterioration in the operation of your Internet resource, which will immediately affect attendance.

With the rapid development of your resource, you are inevitably faced with the need for more and more disk space to accommodate data, working with which, moreover, must meet modern concepts of performance. It is in this case that you need to think about switching to collocation. Again, if your resource is based on collocation, your staff working on web site will have no problems installing additional software or any modules - web server is yours!

In terms of the development of web site, its advantages over virtual hosting are undeniable, but collocation has a number of disadvantages. Firstly, it is necessary to purchase and maintain equipment independently, although today many providers provide server rental services, and secondly, it is necessary to have a system administrator. But, on the other hand, today providers often together with web hosting services offer the services of their own system administrator, who ensures the normal functioning of web server.
As a rule, such an administrator, if necessary, replaces web server equipment, configures and configures it, and is responsible for the software. Moreover, the cost of the services provided by the system administrator is much less than the one you invited from the outside. Both disadvantages, in the end, are a rise in price compared to traditional web  hosting, and relative to virtual hosting, quite significant. But, on the other hand, this is also the advantage of collocation over it, since it certainly leads to an improvement in quality.

To facilitate the choice of hosting, you can compare collocation with its other varieties:

First, a dedicated server or Dedicated. Such a service implies the provision of a server and a sufficiently powerful computer with ready-made software for your use. You pay the fee stipulated in the contract for web server rental and use it at your discretion. This option is good for professionals whose experience is sufficient to make all the necessary settings themselves. Collocation, in comparison with a dedicated server, allows you to remove almost all technical limitations associated with the dedicated server service.

The next variety is a virtual dedicated server or VPS. That is, you no longer own the whole server, but rent only part of it. Colocation differs from this service by a higher degree of information security. In addition, there are no restrictions existing in the case of VPS when using collocation.

The third type is called virtual hosting. The difference between collocation and virtual web hosting is that with virtual hosting on the provider's server, in addition to your site, there are many more sites of other clients, whereas collocation involves placing your own equipment (server) in the datacenter with your site. In fact, virtual hosting is the most popular type of hosting. By ordering this type of service, you will not even have your own IP address. Your site will be hosted on a server that will host up to 100 other sites besides yours.
This is one of the cheapest services. But, compared to collocation, you will be limited in disk space, the ability to use software and much more. The speed of connecting web server to the network when using collocation services is also much higher than when using virtual web hosting.

Choosing a type of hosting, first of all, you need to take into account what your resource will be. If this is just a business card site, then you will only need to order a virtual web  hosting. If you are planning to start or expand an online store, collocation would be an ideal option. Also consider your financial capabilities and your own experience in creating and administering web sites.


VPS hosting is the best option for most projects I know of. However, I recommend reconsidering all the pros and cons of this service. As an alternative, you can choose a regular shared hosting or turn to a professional IT team for hosting setup and administration.