Bouvet is an uninhabited island with Internet top–level domain

Started by selvan12345, Nov 20, 2022, 04:04 AM

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If you compare it with other islands, then Bouvet seems insignificant – it is a small "speck" located in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean, about 1600 kilometers from the coast of Antarctica.
It is the most remote island in the world. Its closest inhabited neighbor is Tristan da Cunha, an isolated place in itself, located 2,270 kilometers away.

Bouvet Island has an area of less than 50 square kilometers and is almost completely covered with ice, under which the volcano is located. Since the last eruption, which occurred about four thousand years ago, everything has frozen. Now the island is home to thousands of penguins and dozens of species of seabirds. It also has a weather station, and it has its own top-level Internet domain.

A top–level domain (TLD) is something that follows a dot in an Internet address, for example: .com, .net and .org. These are the most commonly used universal TLDs. In addition, each country has a two-letter domain name associated with it. The USA, for example, uses .us, United Kingdom – .uk, Australia – .au, China – .cn, India – .in and so on. Anyone can purchase a common TLD, but the use of a country's TLD is usually limited to citizens of that country or requires a physical presence on its territory to be able to purchase it.
A notable exception is the .tv domain. He has nothing to do with television, as some of you might think. In fact, this is a top-level domain belonging to the island nation of Tuvalu, located about halfway between Hawaii and Australia. Perfectly understanding the commercial potential of the domain .tv, Tuvalu made the registration of its TLD available to everyone in 1998. Royalties from addresses that end in .TV, now make up ten percent of the country's income.

Let us now return to the island of Bouvet, which is not a sovereign State. Besides, it is uninhabited. However, it has a top-level How did he manage to get it?
Since the 1970s, the United Nations Statistics Division has published a publication entitled "Standard Codes of Countries or Regions for Statistical Use", in which, for the convenience of statistical analysis, it assigns a three-digit code to countries and geographical regions. When the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) emerged in 1974, it adopted the UN region codes, and also developed its own standard called ISO 3166, which defines the code designations of states and the main administrative entities within them.

The ISO 3166 standard contains several lists, but the most important for our purposes is ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, which is a two-letter country code for each state and its administrative entities. All independent nations and any dependent territory with sufficient autonomy were assigned a two-letter code. For example, Gibraltar is an overseas Territory of Great Britain, but it is governed by a parliament that is elected every four years.
The British Government is still responsible for matters such as defense and foreign relations, but the Government of Gibraltar is not subordinate to the Government of the United Kingdom. In other words, Gibraltar is an autonomous Territory. So, it was assigned the country code GI. Another example is Guam, an unincorporated territory of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean. Guam has the country code GU. Similarly, the Faroe Islands and Greenland, autonomous territories under Danish administration, have their own country codes, although they are not independent States.

The island of Bouvet is part of Norway, but has a similar geopolitical status, so it was assigned its own country code – BV.
In 1988, when the Internet Address Space Administration (IANA – Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) began managing top–level domains, instead of figuring out what is a country and what is not, it simply turned to the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 list and assigned the country TLD to all records. Thus, Bouvet Island ended up with a in August 1997.

The domain is managed by the Norwegian government, but there is currently no way to register a domain with this TLD. It remains unused along with .sj, another top-level domain managed by Norway and assigned to Svalbard and Jan Mayen.

In fairness, it should be noted that Bouvet Island is not the only uninhabited island with its own top–level domain. Heard and McDonald Islands are uninhabited, but they also have their own – .hm. Nevertheless, Australia, under whose jurisdiction the islands are located, has opened a for use outside of them.

In 2012, Norid, the Norwegian registrar that manages the, was thinking about the idea of promoting the domain in the Dutch market, where BV is a common abbreviation used to mean "limited liability company" (like the abbreviation Ltd used in English–speaking countries). Many Dutch companies were supposed to want to own a domain that ended in .bv. However, the Norwegian Communications Authority has banned this idea.


And on this island, a Stranger fought with a Predator ;)
newbielink: [nonactive]


Bouvet is not the only uninhabited island with its own top-level domain. For example, Heard and McDonald Islands – uninhabited islands controlled by Australia have the domain .hm.

Today there are still quite a large number of countries that allow you to use their domain names: Filipinas .ph, Moldova .md, Tonga .to, but of course, Tuvalu was the most lucky of all.
Obviously, the time will come for the Netherlands when they will open a is for registration, but for now it is a kind of investment, and perhaps in a few decades, when all registered short domain names of the first level are over, this domain can be capitalized very well.