Creating client sites scheme and their location on the hosting

Started by richtedy, Jul 25, 2022, 11:10 AM

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richtedyTopic starter

Hi webmasters,
How do you host client websites? That is, do you register a separate account for each client, or do you place all websites on one (your own or separately registered for clients) hosting? If you register individual accounts, then after clarifying the TOR, do you need to take the full name and email from the client, to which the hosting will be issued?

And a related question regarding domain name registration: in addition to the full name and e-mail, the client's passport data is also (sometime) required. Or have I misunderstood something? I would also be very grateful if you share your scheme for creating websites for a client. Thanks in advance!
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alexfernandes

I did all on my accounts (it's cheaper, the hosting fee from the client is partially included in the price).
If you don't like something in support and the client finds another implementer, I contact him and agree on the transfer of the domain / files / database to him,
he places them at his own responsibility or by agreement with the client.
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mickyrobert

How to choose the location of a website or service between virtual web hosting, VPS, dedicated server and colocation.
Despite the fact that in the current realities there is no website except for sellers of ice cream in electric trains, not all company managers understand where and how it should be stored, or, in admin language, hosted.
Just by Googling, we will get four main options for hosting the site and/or any other service: virtual web hosting, VPS, dedicated server and colocation. What is the difference between these options and what criteria should be taken into account when choosing an "apartment" for a website?

Virtual hosting

If we are talking about a website, and not about something else, then virtual hosting is the simplest and cheapest approach. The site will be hosted on web hosting provider's server along with many sites of other clients of this company. Server capacities (disk space for the website and mail) and technologies (programming languages, DBMS, control panel, mail services, FTP/SSH access services, etc.) will be available to you, but strictly within your tariff plan.

The benefits of this option are cheapness (rental prices start from $1 per month) and no need to understand the server settings (everything is already configured). If the daily site traffic does not exceed several thousand people and there are no special requests (for instance, the use of some exotic programming language or DBMS on your site), virtual web hosting is the best choice.

Virtual hosting has one controversial circumstance, opinions about which are divided. Since it does not give root access to the server, there is no possibility of self-administration. On the one hand, this eliminates a lot of problems, but on the other hand, all the problems that arise with the server at the level of the operating system and services are solved by the administrators of web hosting company, and this increases the response time.

If the site traffic grows and the processor power consumed by it exceeds the limit allocated under the tariff plan, then web hosting company will inevitably ask you to move either to a VPS or to a dedicated server. The reason is that your site will interfere with the work of other web sites, eating away their processor power.

VPS (VDS)

The abbreviation VPS stands for Virtual Private Server, and VDS stands for Virtual Dedicated Server, and they mean the same thing: virtual private (or dedicated) server. The word "virtual" indicates that the server that will be allocated to host your site is not quite real. On one "iron" server, many VPS are launched, each of which has all the features of a real server: its own operating system, separate root access and IP address (the latter sometimes needs to be ordered for extra money). And a special server virtualization system manages all this multitude of VPS.

As part of the VPS, processor power is allocated to customers (indicated in tariff plans as the number of processors with a given frequency: for instance, 2?2.7 GHz), as well as the amount of RAM and disk space. All hosting providers, when ordering a VPS, offer a choice of one of the operating systems that will be installed on it.

Since there is root access to the server here, you can install any necessary software on it that was not on the virtual web hosting.

Most often, VPS is used to host sites, but having root access allows you to do anything.  Or, for instance, the accounting department of your company in order to open access to it for employees from anywhere in the world.

If the load on the server increases, no one will be asked to leave the VPS. If, in the case of virtual web hosting, the excess of the maximum permissible load on the processor was monitored by monitoring systems and reported to the system administrator, but was not stopped automatically, then with a VPS, the virtualization system simply will not allow web site to consume more processor power and RAM than it should according to the tariff plan. That is, if, for instance, your site traffic sharply increases and your VPS tariff plan does not match it, then only your site will slow down – it will not interfere with other VPS located on the same iron server.

By the way, in this case, in the VPS control panel, for extra money, you can immediately increase the allocated processor power, RAM and, if necessary, hard disk space. That is, VPS makes it possible to respond quickly to changes in load, varying the server power consumed both up and down.

The disadvantage of VPS, compared to virtual hosting, is the need to independently administer the VPS server: web hosting company only ensures the correct operation of the virtualization system, but is not responsible for how the operating system, databases, FTP, mail and everything else work inside this virtualization system.

Prices for entry-level VPS (2?2.7 GHZ, 1 GB RAM, 30 GB SSD) are not much higher than the tariffs for virtual web hosting and start from $5 per month.

Dedicated server

In principle, a VPS cannot use more power than the iron server on which it is spinning has. And since web hosting company has a lot of VPS clients working on this server, you definitely won't get all of its power.
Therefore, for large projects with large capacities, a dedicated server is needed. In this case, you will have at your disposal a separate iron server located in the data center of web hosting company, and all 100% of its capacity will be yours. As in the case of a VPS, the administration of such a server is entirely the responsibility of the customer.

A dedicated server has another plus compared to a VPS, which in other circumstances may become a minus. So, the VPS system is two–level: at the bottom is the virtualization system, and at the top is the set of VPS that it manages. It turns out that problems may arise with the VPS, both with the operation of the operating system and with the operation of the virtualization system.
And if in the first case you can fix everything yourself, then in the second you will have to wait until the system administrators of web hosting company react. Yes, problems with the virtualization system are infrequent, but they do not happen at all on a dedicated server due to the absence of this very system (the probability of hanging or some other problems with the server is less here than with VPS).

But if something fatal happens to the server hardware, then not only will you have to reconfigure everything on the new server yourself, but also web hosting provider may demand money for installing a new server, if this is provided for in the offer agreement. If problems with hardware arise on the server where the VPS are spinning, then their transfer (with all settings saved) to a new server is the provider's concern, he does not take money for it.

The cost of renting a dedicated server starts from $50 per month for a machine with Intel Core i3 and 8 Gb RAM. Renting a server based on two Intel Xeon E5-2620v3 and 32 Gb RAM can already cost about $300for the same period.


Colocation

Colocation is a service for hosting your server in web hosting provider's data center. Why is this necessary?
If, for instance, you need the physical safety of the server (roughly speaking, so as not to be stolen), reliable uninterrupted power supply and round-the-clock access to the server via the Internet (if your employees often access the server from different places), hosting with a hosting provider will solve these tasks.

If some unusual server configuration is needed for web site, which is not provided by web hosting providers, then the problem can be solved just by buying a server and placing it in the hosting provider's data center.

The cost of colocation starts from $15 per month. In addition, you will have to invest heavily in the purchase of a server once (prices here start from a thousand dollars and there are no limits), but then pay a little money for its placement.

So, the choice between virtual web hosting, VPS, dedicated server and colocation depends on the purposes for which you need a server (and the goals, in turn, dictate the software technologies that you will use), and on the planned load on it.
Usually both of these factors are known at least approximately, so it is not difficult to make a decision.
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