How to get started as a web designer

Started by rajan, Jul 15, 2022, 12:12 PM

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rajanTopic starter

Tell me what I need to do to become a web designer. Which programs, skills, courses can you recommend and how long does it take to become a professional in this field?
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Web design is a fairly wide concept, you need to clearly formulate the direction.
But in any case, first you need knowledge of html, css, JS, xml. without this it is difficult to understand what is happening in the field of web design)

Even if you just want to draw a template in PS, at least learn how to use bootstrap, it helps a lot when making up a website.
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Edwin Dunce

It's impossible to say on the fingers what programs web designers use, because:
1) there is a quick software change
2) the range of tools and approach is always changing and expanding.
However, I can tell you what hard skills a web designer needs:

Typography: font types, creating a working font pair + understanding how a font works in a browser;
Color theory (only, please, not academic): it is important to understand how color works in interfaces, how to highlight an accent color, what are the ways of arranging colors, how to choose a working palette for the Internet, are your colors available enough, are technical colors taken into account (for errors and confirmations);
Understanding how web elements should work: buttons, inputs, forms, popups, and the like;
knowledge of as many design tools as possible (most are mastered in a week or two): for example, web designers now use Figma more often;
Understanding of responsive design.

What soft skills do web designers need:

Teamwork: you will constantly work closely with different specialists;
Communication skills: to communicate with the client and the team;
the ability to present their solutions;
Openness to new knowledge.

Schools are tricky. Firstly, it all depends on the language - although teaching is often conducted in English, it is more convenient for many to choose schools where teachers speak your native language and are culturally closer. Secondly, each school gives a certain level of knowledge, and then everything depends on you. I will say this, if you want to become a professional web designer (and make a living from it), then it will take you 3-4 years to study (3-5 stages: elementary, secondary, higher, advanced + marketing training).


First of all, I strongly recommend not to worry about how much you need to study. Of course, you need to own at least Photoshop for raster and, for example, Illustrator for vector graphics. Next, be sure to know the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and style sheets (css). Basic knowledge of JavaScript will be useful. This is all that a novice web designer needs. The rest I advise you to study as needed in the process of practice. ;)


To begin with, you should get basic information, understand who a web designer is. Explore the functionality of sites, applications. Analyze what is convenient for you and what is not, get acquainted with the stages of product development.
Examples of programs for studying: Adobe Photoshop, Figma. Check out the YouTube bites from the experts. Practice and develop yourself.


Even the coolest higher education in web design will not automatically turn you into a sought-after web designer. Therefore, you should take a serious approach to developing skills in both design and tools in practice with real clients, promote your portfolio, look for potential employers and present your services to them.


First you need to understand that it is not possible to become a web designer in a second. You must be good at photoshop. Have communication skills to interact with clients. And of course you need the desire to do it. Good luck ; D


One of the options for getting the first orders and replenishing your portfolio are forums for webmasters. In the special sections "Work for a designer", you can create a personal topic to search for potential customers. Your task is to get examples of high-quality work and positive feedback from satisfied customers.


How to start learning web design?
Step 1 — Get basic knowledge. Exactly what competencies you will need, we wrote above.
You can master the theory of design, graphic editors yourself, but it is much faster, more efficient and more convenient to take distance ** courses. The training program for them is made up of expert practitioners. Therefore, you can be sure that the curriculum has everything you need for future work.

Step 2 — Start practicing. The theory must be fixed in practice, and not on educational tasks, but on real ones. To do this, you can get an internship at a web design studio or a web site development company, register on freelance exchanges and take inexpensive tasks or orders for feedback. If you are afraid of responsibility to the customer or employer, then you can practice by doing volunteer projects, participating in competitions.

Step 3 — build a portfolio. Yes, collecting a portfolio is also an important part of learning. After all, a designer must not only develop sites, but also sell their services, and that cannot be done without demonstrating the best works. Educational works and competitive projects are suitable for the first portfolio.
You can design the site of a fictional company or redesign a popular Internet web site. 8-10 jobs will be enough to start with. It is best to make a portfolio on your own web site on Tilda or Wix, place it on sites like Behance or Dribbble.
What courses are worth taking?

To obtain a fundamental theoretical base and practical skills, we recommend that you complete a professional retraining program "Web designer", designed for 12 months. During that time you will learn:

understand and put into practice the theoretical principles of design and rules of web design;
work in graphic editors (Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Figma), site designers (Tilda);
create animated interfaces in Figma, Principle and Adobe After Effects;
develop interactive prototypes taking into account the requirements of UX/UI design;
create three-dimensional objects in Cinema 4D;
explore and analyze user experience for interface design;
search for orders and attract customers through special platforms, social media accounts;
conduct projects to create site design, mobile applications from scratch to presentation to the customer.

Each block of the program includes practical classes where you develop individual elements of web design (for instance, create animations and 3D objects, retouch photos), design different types of web sites. Feedback from teachers is given for all educational works.

At the end of the course, you can continue to use educational materials (text lectures, textbooks, webinar library), communicate with graduates of the program and teachers.

If you already have basic knowledge in the field of design, you can take a more narrow retraining program, for instance, in the design of sites or mobile applications.

How long does it take to become a web designer?
As the experience of our graduates shows, 1 year is quite enough to get basic knowledge and skills on a professional retraining course and start working in the profession.
Of course, you will continue to study — everything changes very quickly in the IT field, so specialists have to constantly improve their qualifications.

If you want to study on your own, invest more time in mastering the profession. You will have to search for educational materials on different virtual platforms, understand complex issues without outside help, and learn something only in practice by trial and error.