How Bitcoin Transactions Differ from Bank Transactions

Started by metallexportprom, Aug 11, 2022, 12:23 PM

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Unlike the traditional government-monopolized monetary system, Bitcoin is a decentralized monetary system governed by protocol coded into its program. This changes the system's components - money emits code and not from the state, counterparties transact without intermediaries, and only the owner of private keys can access Bitcoin addresses.

In addition to these unique features, Bitcoin has other characteristics that are often overlooked. One significant difference is that there are no accounts on the Bitcoin network. Unlike other payment systems, users do not have their own accounts tied to their identity. Instead, private keys are used to manage bitcoin addresses, making the system pseudonymous. However, if private keys are lost, access cannot be restored, as no one else has access to the address.

This issue is partially resolved by third-party services that store private keys encrypted on their servers, but this requires the user to provide personal information for identification. Additionally, Bitcoin wallets do not store bitcoins themselves, but rather the private keys associated with bitcoin addresses.

Furthermore, Bitcoins do not exist as entities and cannot be stored like traditional objects. They only exist within transactions, which differ from bank records. Finally, it is important to note that bitcoins are not sent to or from addresses.

Unlike bank transactions, which involve transferring funds between accounts, Bitcoin transactions involve unlocking previous unspent transaction outputs (UTXOs) using private keys and blocking the transferred amount with the public key of the recipient's address. The balance of a bitcoin address is the sum of all UTXOs locked by the public key of the address owner. This system allows for tracking the entire chain of transactions up to the first issue.

In reality, there is no real movement of bitcoins during transactions; the coins remain on the sender's address until the transaction is confirmed in a new block on the blockchain. Double spending is possible if the same coins are sent to multiple addresses, but most wallets have measures in place to prevent this. When two conflicting transactions occur, only one will be validated by the network.

Bitcoin's use of cryptographic algorithms makes this system complex, but it also ensures security and transparency. Bitcoin does not rely on centralized institutions, and its decentralized nature allows for greater control by individual users.


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Cross-border transfers of bitcoin are much faster than bank transfers, taking around one hour and five to seven days respectively. Bitcoin also has lower transaction fees than traditional banking methods, making it an attractive option for some users.

While blockchain technology may increasingly be integrated into fintech, it is unlikely that bitcoin will replace the monopoly of major banks in the near future. However, the value of cryptocurrencies is recognized by people regardless of the position of states, and they could have their own niche in providing anonymous payments without government intervention.

China is currently working on the release of a national cryptocurrency, with high-level development and research already completed. While the timing of the digital yuan's release is unknown, the Chinese People's Bank is assessing the practical value and stability of the coin, as well as its usability and risk control. This shows that governments are beginning to take notice of the potential of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology.

As we continue to see developments in this area, it will be interesting to see how traditional banking institutions and governments respond to the rise of cryptocurrencies and their potential impact on the global financial system.


States have yet to introduce digital currency, possibly due to two main reasons.

Firstly, it could mean disrupting the current profit-making systems based on 'real' money, which would affect thousands of employees and stakeholders within the established banking system.

Secondly, many segments of the population who are an important link in financial flows have not yet been touched by digitalization. This is especially true for developing countries and populations that do not have access or the ability to interact with computers.

It is clear that the widespread adoption of digital currencies will require a fundamental shift in the global financial system and the way we think about money. However, as we continue to see advancements in financial technology, it's important to consider the potential benefits and drawbacks of a fully digitized monetary system.