Dealing with server crashes

Started by RobertMiller, Mar 13, 2023, 06:55 AM

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RobertMillerTopic starter

Greetings to all members of the forum!

To put it briefly, the problem is as follows: there exists a small startup website A on server A, which experiences periodic crashes. Although this issue does not concern everyone, these outages are incredibly detrimental since clients abandon the site (as the startup is related to client sites and their services stop functioning during such periods).

The question that arises is what can be done in such a situation?

If I continually replicate the code and database from server A to another hosting service (server B), then how can traffic be immediately redirected to B when A crashes? Alternatively, what other methods can be utilized to prevent server crashes?

I have never encountered such a need for 100% uptime before now; my previous projects were not as critical. Therefore, I would be greatly appreciative of any links, articles, personal experiences, or advice provided on this matter. Thank you!


To resolve such issues in the Š°dult world, BGP is employed to announce one IP from two locations simultaneously. Therefore, when one of these locations becomes unavailable, announcements cease from that point.

For this task, tools such as ucarp and keepalived can be utilized. These tools allow for a virtual IP to run between two servers, while also enabling the replication of the database through standard means.


For your specific situation, perhaps the simplest solution would be to obtain another server, duplicate all the necessary data, and establish a load balancer on a third server. Alternatively, a load balancer can also be integrated at the DNS server level.

I have encountered DNS hosting sites that enable this functionality, where requests are directed towards different IP addresses of servers for a particular domain. This approach is both expedient and easy to implement, and similar services are offered by providers such as Amazon.


Another potential solution is to switch to a different hosting provider. Of course, this option would require additional effort, given the issues you have described such as frequent "force majeure" scenarios where the data center experiences power outages or unexpected events such as fires.

Nonetheless, the behavior you have described is unacceptable for conducting business and cannot be tolerated. It may be time to consider alternative hosting providers that can provide greater stability and consistent uptime for your startup.


What are the primary reasons for site failures?

Site failures can be caused by a variety of issues. On the database side, common problems include disk exhaustion, table breakdowns, and loss of connectivity with the database server. Incomplete or incorrect configuration of web servers can also cause site outages, as well as errors in web application processing or an excessive amount of traffic. Finally, equipment failures such as disk, memory, motherboard, or power supply failure can also lead to website crashes.

What can be done to ensure high availability?

To ensure high availability for your site, there are three key rules to follow:

1. Quickly recover from failures: Equipment, site code, databases, and network channels are the main points of failure for any system. Having the ability to replace or repair each component quickly will help minimize downtime.
2. Eliminate single points of failure: If anything can fail, it inevitably will at some point. Implementing two or three-fold duplication of each component in your system will increase the reliability of your site and reduce the risk of unexpected failures.
3. Employ testing and self-diagnosis tools: Thoroughly testing new versions before uploading them into the working environment and continually monitoring each node of the system is essential for ensuring high availability. The more errors you catch before they reach users, the more reliable your system will be in the outside world.

What are some applied solutions for ensuring high availability?

One way to ensure high availability is to duplicate all nodes completely. This can be achieved by having an up-to-date copy of the site on independent hosting, preferably located nearby to the main hosting to minimize the risk of network delays. Syncing the database and files using Dropbox or rsync-based utilities, configuring two-way synchronization and handling file out-of-sync issues, and using Salt to synchronize configurations are other useful approaches. Additionally, the system package manager can be used for syncing applications (for CentOS, this is yum).


Our work is depend on server. What if it will crash? How to deal with it?
software development company


In order to address the problem of periodic crashes and ensure high availability for your website, there are a few possible solutions you can consider. One option is to set up a load balancer that distributes incoming traffic between multiple servers, so if one server crashes, the traffic can be automatically redirected to another server that is still functioning. This helps to mitigate the impact of server outages and provides better overall uptime.

Another approach is to utilize a cloud hosting service that offers automatic scaling and redundancy. These services can automatically allocate more resources to your website when needed, and if a server fails, the service can spin up a new instance to replace it, ensuring minimal downtime.

Additionally, you can explore implementing monitoring systems that can detect crashes or performance issues in real-time. This allows you to quickly identify and address any problems before they escalate and affect your users. There are various monitoring tools available that can provide valuable insights into the health and performance of your website.

Finally, optimizing your code and database can also help prevent server crashes. Reviewing your code for any inefficiencies, managing resource-intensive processes, and fine-tuning your database queries can significantly improve the stability and performance of your website.

It's important to note that achieving 100% uptime is challenging, but these strategies can greatly reduce downtime and improve the overall reliability of your website. I encourage you to research and experiment with different solutions to find the best fit for your specific needs.

suggestions and considerations for ensuring high availability and preventing server crashes:

1. Implement caching: Utilize caching mechanisms to store frequently accessed data or pre-rendered web pages, reducing the load on your servers and improving response times.

2. Optimize database performance: Regularly monitor and optimize your database queries, indexes, and overall database performance to minimize bottlenecks and improve overall system stability.

3. Enable automatic backups: Regularly back up your codebase, database, and other critical assets to prevent data loss in the event of a server crash. Automate this process to ensure backups are consistently performed.

4. Use content delivery networks (CDNs): CDNs help distribute your website's assets across multiple servers geographically, reducing latency and preventing overloading on a single server.

5. Perform regular load testing: Test your website's performance under heavy loads to identify potential bottlenecks and areas for improvement. This will help you understand your site's limits and optimize it accordingly.

6. Consider disaster recovery plans: Develop a detailed plan for how your team will respond to and recover from major server failures or disasters. This could include provisions for backup servers, failover systems, and defined protocols for handling incidents.

7. Implement fault-tolerant architecture: Design your system with redundancy and failover mechanisms in mind. This can involve using multiple servers, setting up replication and synchronization between them, and implementing failover mechanisms to automatically switch to backup servers when issues occur.

8. Utilize containerization or virtualization: Containerization technologies like Docker or virtualization platforms like VMware can help isolate applications, making them more resilient to crashes. If one container or virtual machine fails, it won't affect the others, allowing for better overall stability.

9. Employ proactive monitoring and alerting: Implement robust monitoring tools that continuously track the health and performance of your servers and applications. Set up alerts to notify you immediately when issues arise, enabling quick response and resolution.

10. Conduct regular software updates and patch management: Keep your server's operating system, web server, database, and other software up to date with the latest patches and security updates. This helps to address vulnerabilities and improve the stability of your system.

11. Invest in reliable hosting services: Consider using reputable hosting providers that offer reliable infrastructure, network redundancy, and strong service level agreements (SLAs) to ensure uptime and minimize the risk of server crashes.

12. Implement disaster recovery and backup solutions: Have a well-defined disaster recovery plan that includes regular backups, offsite storage, and a strategy for restoring services quickly in case of a major outage.