Interplanetary File System

Started by Optimitron, Aug 13, 2022, 12:37 AM

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OptimitronTopic starter

To maintain the cleanliness of your experiment, I recommend installing it on an external server instead of working in local mode and remote mode. Additionally, it can remain permanently installed if desired, without concern.

To begin, official documentation suggests that you install go by visiting for the latest version. It's important to install IPFS on behalf of the user who will be using it most frequently, as mounting via FUSE has some subtleties.
To check that go is properly installed, use the "go version" command. For IPFS installation, try using ipfs-update with the command "go get -v -u".

Afterwards, run "ipfs-update versions" to see all available versions for download, "ipfs-update version" to view the currently installed version, and "ipfs-update install [version]" to install the desired version.

To initialize IPFS node after installation, use the command "ipfs init." This will generate a 2048-bit RSA keypair and provide you with a peer ID. The hash QmS4ustL54uo8FzR9455qaxZwuMiUhyvMcX9Ba8nUH4uVv is already embedded into IPFS, and the contents of the folder can be viewed on the official gateway

To ensure that IPFS starts up automatically after rebooting the server, it's important to maintain a clean experiment. To do this, consider installing IPFS both on an external server and locally. When adding a file to the external server and trying to retrieve it via IPFS locally by CID, the local server may not know anything about our external server and will simply try to find the file by CID by "asking" all accessible IPFS peers. This can result in slow retrieval times or even failure.

One possible solution is to manually add known peers to our local configuration in order to prioritize searching for the desired file. This functionality is not yet stable, but improvements are being discussed for future versions of IPFS.
Overall, there are arguments both for and against using IPFS, but its potential to fundamentally change the way information is disseminated on the internet cannot be ignored.


Downloading published files via the gateway on the internet or locally can be difficult and time-consuming, even if the local version is visible to hundreds of peers. This makes IPFS currently unsuitable for efficient transfer and distribution of files.
but, there is a desktop version for Windows that offers an easier installation process. It's important to note that IPFS technology is still in its early stages and improvements are being made.


This messenger is a useful tool for saving user data securely with encryption. The response to this feature has been positive, as it allows for easy restoration of data with key security measures in place. Additionally, the ability to access and restore data anywhere adds to its convenience and usefulness.


The Interplanetary File System (IPFS) is a protocol and network designed to create a decentralized and distributed file system on the internet. It aims to make information on the web more accessible, secure, and resilient.

Traditional file systems rely on centralized servers, where files are stored in specific locations and accessed through URLs. In contrast, IPFS uses a peer-to-peer network where files are identified and addressed using unique cryptographic hashes called Content Identifiers (CIDs). CIDs are generated based on the file's content, which means that every file has a unique identifier regardless of its location.

When a file is added to IPFS, it gets split into smaller chunks called blocks, and each block is given a CID. These blocks are then stored on different nodes in the IPFS network. This distributed storage mechanism makes IPFS resistant to failures and censorship because files can be retrieved from multiple nodes rather than relying on a single point of failure.

One of the key features of IPFS is content addressing. In traditional systems, if a file changes, it gets a new URL, and the old one becomes invalid. But in IPFS, the CID remains the same as long as the content remains unchanged. This allows for versioning and ensures that files can always be accessed using their unique CID.

Furthermore, IPFS employs a distributed hash table (DHT) to facilitate efficient file discovery within the network. DHT enables nodes to find other nodes that have a particular file based on its CID, making file sharing and retrieval more efficient.

IPFS also supports decentralization of web applications by allowing developers to build distributed applications (dApps) that leverage the IPFS network as a storage layer. This way, dApps can be more resilient against server failures and censorship.

Here are a few more key aspects and benefits of the Interplanetary File System (IPFS):

1. Data Deduplication: IPFS employs content-addressable storage, which means that identical files are automatically deduplicated. When multiple users add the same file to IPFS, it only gets stored once, reducing redundancy and optimizing storage efficiency.

2. Offline Access: IPFS enables offline access to files by caching requested content locally. If a file has been accessed before and is stored in the local cache, it can be retrieved without an internet connection. This feature is particularly useful in scenarios where internet connectivity is limited or unreliable.

3. Immutable File System: Once a file is added to IPFS, its content becomes immutable. This means that the file cannot be altered or tampered with without generating a new CID. By leveraging cryptographic hash functions, IPFS ensures the integrity and authenticity of stored files.

4. Peer-to-Peer Network: IPFS operates on a peer-to-peer network, where participants contribute their computing resources to store and distribute files. This decentralized architecture eliminates the need for centralized servers and reduces the vulnerability to single points of failure and censorship.

5. Self-Correcting and Resilient: IPFS uses a distributed hash table (DHT) to maintain a network-wide index of content locations. If a node hosting a particular file goes offline, the DHT enables other nodes to locate alternative sources for retrieving the file. This self-correcting mechanism enhances network resilience and availability.

6. Collaboration and Versioning: IPFS supports collaborative workflows and versioning of files. Multiple users can work on a shared file, and each modification generates a new CID, capturing the changes made. This makes it easier to track and manage different versions of files, facilitating collaboration and supporting reproducibility.

7. Secure Sharing: IPFS allows secure sharing of files by encrypting the content and providing fine-grained access control. Users can encrypt their files before adding them to IPFS, ensuring that only authorized users with the correct decryption keys can access the content.

These features make IPFS a powerful solution for decentralized storage, secure sharing, collaborative work, and offline access to information. It has been adopted by various projects and communities that aim to create a more open, accessible, and censorship-resistant internet.